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托福口语考试中的细节问题

2016-04-12 11:10

今天我们用一道托福经典task 1人物题来看看细节在考试中扮演的角色。

  “Describe the person whom you enjoy spending time with. Use specific examples and details to support your answer.”

  当你看到下面这句话时,你会不会产生共鸣? “我最喜欢跟我的闺蜜在一起,因为她人超级好!” “人超级好”是什么概念呢?有些人觉得只要朋友接他电话就是超级好,而另一些人则觉得必须随叫随到鞍前马后才叫好。

  每个人的标准是如此的不同,你如何用让托福考官对你的 “他人超级好”产生共鸣呢?在此,细节就起到了至关重要的作用。也就是每一个托福独立口语题后面的: use specific examples and details to support your answer. 下面我们一一分析:

  1. 细节在托福task1, task 2中扮演的角色: 灵魂。没有细节就没有高分!!

  2. 细节出现的位置:第三步。 上过我课的学生会知道,在回答一二题时我们有个三步曲:

  1) 第一步:开头点题- The person I like to spend time with is my best friend Caroline.

  2) 第二步:给出原因- Because she is encouraging/ we share the same interests.

  3) 细节

  很多学生会止于第二步。在原因那个步骤中罗列很多: She is funny, humorous, warm-hearted,etc. 尽管如此,想得good仍然很难,因为少了第三步,答案便少了灵魂。

  3. 细节分类:

  1) 例子: 正如题目中所说use actual examples and details.所以例子是最好的细节.

  Eg. She is encouraging. In 2013 we went hiking together in the north of Spain. 30 kilometers per day for me was really a challenge and I wanted to quit several times along the way. She never blamed on me, instead she sang and described the beautiful destination for me. If it weren’t for her, I wouldn’t have arrived.

  2) 结果:即第二步的原因引出了哪些result, consequence.

  Eg. Thanks to the common interests we share, like playing basketball, watching movies and reading, I never get the sense of loneliness. Besides, with such a good companion, I enjoy more of all the activities we do together.

  3) 原因:与第二点基本一致。仅有的不同是连接词的不同,第二点中主要用so that, in this way, as a result, consequently, etc. 而在这一点中主要用because, due to the fact, as, for, since等。

  4) 反证法:如果学生实在无法想到积极方面的细节,可以从反方向着手,说相反观点的不好:

  例如: We share so many interests, like watching movies and go shopping. I can’t even imagine how boring and lonely it would be to do all the stuff without her. There wouldn’t be anyone listening to my gossip about the movie bugs and no one together to comment on how the fashion has left us behind. Life would be such a drag.

  有了细节以后,考官即使不完全share the same feeling with you,但是却可以理解为什么你有这样的想法。

  综上所述,这个问题的一种解答方式如下:

  I really enjoy spending time with my best friend Caroline.

  To start with, she is really an encouraging person. I remember in 2013 we went hiking together in the north of Spain for two weeks. 30 kilometers per day for me was really a challenge and I wanted to quit several times along the way. She never blamed on me, instead she sang and described the beautiful destination to cheer me up. If it weren’t for her, I wouldn’t have arrived.

  Besides, we share a lot of common interests like playing basketball, watching movies and reading. We would gossip about the movie actors afterwards or discuss about the fashion trends. I never get the sense of loneliness. Besides, with such a good companion, I enjoy more of all the activities we do together.

  看过例子和细节后,你是不是从内心觉得Caroline是一个好朋友呢?是不是比仅仅说She is really an encouraging person and we share a lot of common interests冲击力要来的大一些呢? 你学会了吗?

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