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英语语法:让步状语从句的用法

2017-06-09 10:59

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编辑:新东方小编

  让步状语从句是状语从句中的一种,其本身也是状语从句。一般翻译为“尽管……”或“即使……”,就是我们日常生活中用的“退一步说…”的感觉。

  引导让步状语从句的连词有:

  though,although,while,as; even if,even though; whether...or...; no matter+疑问词,疑问词-ever,regardless of+名词/名词短语/名词从句,despite,in spite of。

  切记although,though 不可与but连用,但可以与still和yet连用。

  1.As引导让步状语从句倒装

  As从句一般放在主句之前,须用倒装语序。从句中的表语、状语或动词原形置于句首。若表语是名词,前置时要省略冠词。

  Much as he is opposed to lawbreaking, he is not bigoted[固执的] about it.

  尽管他十分反对干违法的事,但并不一根筋。

  注:有一些政府官员也想遵纪守法,但有人稍微一诱惑,他们就改变了主意。

  Child as he is, he knows a lot.

  Try as he might, he could not find a job.

  注意:though引导的从句也可象as引导的从句一样用倒装语序,但是although引导的从句只能用正常语序。注意比较下面的说法:

  Smart though/as she is, she doesn't study hard.

  Though she is smart, she doesn't study hard.

  Although she is smart, she doesn't study hard.

  不能说:

  Smart although she is, she doesn't study hard.

  As she is smart, she doesn't study hard.

  2.Although/though(尽管,虽然),even though/even if(即使)

  Although与though两者意思相同,一般可互换,都可以与yet, still或nevertheless连用,但不能和but连用。

  There is no such thing as a convincing [令人信服的] argument, although every man thinks he has one.

  根本就没有什么令人信服的论证,虽然每个人都认为自己可以。

  注:每个人都觉得自己不会被别人说服,但自己可以说服别人。

  It has been said that although God cannot alter the past, historians[历史学家] can.

  据说尽管上帝不能改变过去,历史学家可以。

  注:有些历史是历史学家编的。

  Although there exist many thousands of subjects for elegant conversation, there are people who cannot meet a cripple(瘸子) without talking about feet.

  尽管存在无数个优雅的话题,总有一些人遇见瘸子就谈论脚。

  注:有些人说话没有水平,别人不爱听什么他就说什么。

  I own I would rather choose a wife of mine to have the usual number of limbs(肢体)….and although one eye may be very agreeable, the prejudice has always run in favor of two.

  我承认我宁愿选择一个四肢健全的妻子……尽管一只眼睛也很令人愉快,但世俗的偏见还是认为两只眼睛好。

  注:他最终还是没有冲破世俗的偏见,选择了两只眼睛的妻子。


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