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新东方优能中学:高一完形填空练习(1)

2017-03-20 15:24

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编辑:新东方小编

  本练习题是由深圳新东方优能中学组,为各位同学整理高一英语完形填空题基础知识练习题,本练习题答案及解析在下一页,请各位同学认真做题,稍后再对答案。

  In the 1960s, Douglas McGregor, one of the key thinkers in the art of management, developed the most famous Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X is the idea that people instinctively ___1___ work and will do anything to avoid it. Theory Y is the view that everyone has the potential to find satisfaction in work.

  In any case, despite so much evidence to the ___2___, many managers still agree to Theory X. They believe, ___3___ , that their employees need constant supervision if they are to work effectively, or that decisions must be imposed from ___4___ without consultation. This, of course, makes for authoritarian (专制的) managers.

  Different cultures have different ways of ___5___ people. Unlike authoritarian management, some cultures, particularly in Asia, are well known for the consultative nature of decision-making—all members of the department or work group are asked to ___6___ to this process. This is management by the collective opinion. Many western companies have tried to imitate such Asian ways of doing things, which are based on general ___7___. Some experts say that women will become more effective managers than men because they have the power to reach common goals in a way that traditional ___8___ managers cannot.

  A recent trend has been to encourage employees to use their own initiative, to make decisions on their own without ___9___ managers first. This empowerment (授权) has been part of the trend towards downsizing: ___10___ the number of management layers in companies. After de-layering in this way, a company may be ___11___ with just a top level of senior managers, front-line managers and employees with direct contact with the public. Empowerment takes the idea of delegation (委托) much further than has ___12___ been the case. Empowerment and delegation mean new forms of management control to ___13___ that the overall business plan is being followed, and that operations become more profitable under the new organization, rather than less.

  Another trend is off-site or ___14___ management, where teams of people linked by e-mail and the Internet work on projects from their own houses. Project managers evaluate the ___15___ of the team members in terms of what they produce for projects, rather than the amount of time they spend on them.

  1. A. desire B. seek C. lose D. dislike

  2. A. contrary B. expectation C. degree D. extreme

  3. A. vice versa B. for example C. however D. otherwise

  4. A. outside B. inside C. below D. above

  5. A. replacing B. assessing C. managing D. encouraging

  6. A. refer B. contribute C. object D. apply

  7. A. agreement B. practice C. election D. impression

  8. A. bossy B. experienced C. western D. male

  9. A. asking B. training C. warning D. firing

  10. A. doubling B. maintaining C. reducing D. estimating

  11. A. honored B. left C. crowded D. compared

  12. A. economically B. traditionally C. inadequately D. occasionally

  13. A. deny B. admit C. assume D. ensure

  14. A. virtual B. ineffective C. day-to-day D. on-the-scene

  15. A. opinion B. risk C. performance D. attractiveness

  答案与解析在下一页。


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